208 posts tagged Philosophy
Robert Kane on Free Will -Robert Kane considers new perspectives to the ancient problem of free will.(by Brad Younger)
Ode to Private Language
a poem in four verses
If a lion could talk, we could not understand him — Wittgenstein
Wittgenstein was a lion— The Skept Ethicist
Whose sensations are these I think I know
I feel the pain in my big toe
This is a concept I have learned
When first I gave…
Bayes’s Rule is a theorem in probability theory that answers the question, "When you encounter new information, how much should it change your confidence in a belief?" It’s essentially about making decisions under uncertainty, and how we should update or revise our theories as new evidence emerges. It can also be used to help us reach decisions in those circumstances when very few observations or pieces of evidence are available. And it can also be used to help us avoid common mistakes and fallacies in our thinking.
Bayesianism is a great example of math applied to daily life. It’s derived from a widely accepted and uncontroversial formula that’s been around for hundreds of years.
“But it gets philosophically interesting when you start to interpret its implications,” says Greenberg.
(A very liberating story of and on freedom based on a personal letter, which you shouldn’t believe and neither do I, but then here it is)
My dear friend, You asked me, in truth and simplicity, why it was so difficult to be free?
And my first answer need be:
Forget truth and simplicity- aim for elegance of thought; the reason, if you should care to explore it, is that no reality survives the encounter with an inquiring mind, none more so than the reality of one’s own freedom and liberation..
Could I not oblige you and answer you more thoroughly?
Of course I can..
Throughout human history people have used drugs and alcohol, sometimes in truly astonishing quantities, both for pleasure and in the belief that these substances provided physical and psychological health benefits. There is evidence of opiate use as long ago as the Neolithic period. In ancient Greece, drinking to excess was condemned, but opium was used to help people sleep, provide relief from pain, sorrow, and disease, and possibly even soothe colic in infants. By the early modern period, laudanum, a mixture of alcohol and opium or morphine, was viewed as both a wonder drug and the height of sophistication, prescribed by doctors to the aristocracy for a range of ailments and in high doses. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, pharmaceutical companies marketed heroin as a cough suppressant, alcoholic syrups for the nerves, and cocaine for toothache.
Lecture series on Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art delivered by James Grant. The first part of the series focuses on some of the most important writings on art and beauty in the Western philosophical tradition, covering Plato, Aristotle, David Hume, and Immanuel Kant. The second part of the series focuses on questions about understanding works of art and about the nature of art. This part examines the interpretation of literature, the expression of emotion in music, and the definition of art.
Alok Jha: Consciousness: the hard problem? - Discussion
Will consciousness ever be explained by neuroscientists?
What is the latest philosophical and scientific thinking in explaining how the wet stuff in our heads creates the world we experience?
An expert panel consisting of Dr. Anil Seth, Professor Barry Smith and Professor Chris Frith discuss these questions and more.
This event was held at the Royal Institution on Wednesday 7 March 2012 and forms part of a series curated for the Royal Institution of Great Briatin by Alok Jha.
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